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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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use. I think East Prussia should go to Poland in any case on strategic
grounds;, because to have Germans there is a danger to world peace, and I
hope that will be done. It may be said that would involve a transfer of
population but, as the Russian armies advance through East Prussia, there
will be a very rapid transfer of population.
Major Lloyd (Conservative) : It would seem as though almost final
arrangements have been made in the west3 but are we satisfied that we know
exactly what arrangements have been made, or are in contemplation, with
regard to those Eastern countries, in which we are also interested, as
conquering armies pass through on the way to Berlin ? Are those arrange-
ments to be entirely unilateral at the exclusive will of the conquering army,
or are they to be made not only in co-operation with the countries and the
legitimate Governments of those countries;, but also in accordance with the
mutual agreement of the United Nations who form the great alliance ?
I tried to get an answer to that pertinent, but, I do not think, impertinent,
question some months ago in a foreign affairs debate, but I never got an
answer and scarcely expected it. But now the time is ripe and opportune,
surely; for those interested, both in Parliament and in other parts of the
worldj to have an answer. Is there to be any status whatever for emigre
Governments, and are they to be allowed to collaborate in the occupation
of their territory or are they to be excluded ? What is right for the West
should be right for the East. I should Like to ask the Foreign Secretary
whether he is prepared to accept a completely unilateral decision in the
East, which he would not be able to justify in this House, if applicable to
the West ? I hope the right hon. Gentleman will grasp the nettle and give
some satisfaction to those of us who want to know what is going to happen
in those Eastern countries when they are overrun by the conquering armies
of our Allies.
IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS. Viscount Samuel: The history of
the last two hundred years has shown that Poland cannot live if she has
enemies in both Russia and Germany. If she could make friends with
both, that would, of course, be the best solution; but it is vital for Poland
to be on terms of friendship and good will with the one or with the other.
Since in present circumstances it is obvious that there can be no friendship
and good will between Poland and Germany, it is essential for her to arrive
at a friendly understanding with Russia, even at the cost of considerable
sacrifices . . .
. . . How wholeheartedly the Poles are engaged in this war has been shown
by the contribution they have already made at sea and in the air, and within
the last few days in the victory of Cassino, where we are proud to think
that when the Allied troops entered that ruined monastery., flags of both
Poland and of Britain were hoisted side by side. It is also excellent news
that the underground movement in Poland has been instructed to co-operate
in every way with the advancing Soviet troops and that that is now being
done.
. . . There is one phrase used by the Prime Minister in a previous speech
which has given a number of people a good deal of concern. He was
referring to the Teheran Conference, which had been held a short time earlier
and he used these words :
" Marshal Stalin and I also spoke and agreed upon the need for Poland
to obtain compensation at the expense of Germany both in the North and
the West."
That phrase " to obtain compensation/' is one that does not seem to be
quite in accordance with the spirit of the Atlantic Charter and similar
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